Kekerasan Batu Permata

Kekerasan Material Kekerasan Mutlak
1 Talc (Mg3Si4O10(OH)2) 1
2 Gypsum (CaSO4·2H2O) 3
3 Calcite (CaCO3) 9
4 Fluorite (CaF2) 21
5 Apatite (Ca5(PO4)3(OH-,Cl-,F-)) 48
6 Orthoclase (KAlSi3O8) 72
7 Quartz (SiO2) 100
8 Topaz (Al2SiO4(OH-,F-)2) 200
9 Corundum (Al2O3) 400
10 Diamond (C) 1500
Batu Permata Kekerasan
Diamond/Berlian 10
Star Ruby 9
Ruby 9
Sapphire/Safir 9
Star Sapphire 9
Color-Change Sapphire 9
Chrysoberyl Cat’s Eye 8.5
Alexandrite 8.5
Chrysoberyl 8.5
Spinel 8
Imperial Topaz 8
Topaz 8
Azotic Topaz 8
Mystic Topaz 8
Rutile Topaz 8
Emerald/Zamrud 7.5 – 8
Aquamarine 7.5 – 8
Goshenite 7.5 – 8
Beryl 7.5 – 8
Morganite 7.5 – 8
Cat’s Eye Aquamarine 7.5 – 8
Andalusite 7.5
Hambergite 7.5
Ametrine 7
Iolite 7 – 7.5
Demantoid Garnet 7 – 7.5
Tourmaline 7 – 7.5
Rose Quartz 7
Kunzite 7
Chrome Tourmaline 7 – 7.5
Dumortierite Quartz 7 – 8.5
Rubellite Tourmaline 7 – 7.5
Quartz 7
Cat’s Eye Tourmaline 7 – 7.5
Star Lemon Quartz 7
Mystic Quartz 7
Paraiba Tourmaline 7 – 7.5
Danburite 7 – 7.5
Rutile Quartz 7
Aventurine 7
Smoky Quartz 7
Amethyst/Kecubung 7
Citrine 7
Strawberry Quartz 7
Quartz Cat’s Eye 7
Star Rose Quartz 6.5 – 7
Color-Change Diaspore 6.5 – 7
Tiger’s Eye 6.5 – 7
Agate Geode 6.5 – 7
Hiddenite 6.5 – 7
Almandine Garnet 6.5 – 7.5
Cat’s Eye Diaspore 6.5 – 7
Pyrope Garnet 6.5 – 7.5
Mali Garnet 6.5 – 7.5
Tiger’s Eye Matrix 6.5 – 7
Sillimanite Cat’s Eye 6.5 – 7.5
Jasper 6.5 – 7
Grossularite Garnet 6.5 – 7.5
Fire Agate 6.5 – 7
Agate/Akik 6.5 – 7
Color-Change Garnet 6.5 – 7.5
Tsavorite Garnet 6.5 – 7.5
Hessonite Garnet 6.5 – 7.5
Bloodstone 6.5 – 7
Carnelian 6.5 – 7
Idocrase 6.5
Rhodolite Garnet 6.5 – 7.5
Peanut Wood 6.5 – 7
Peridot 6.5 – 7
Spessartite Garnet 6.5 – 7.5
Dendritic Agate 6.5 – 7
Onyx 6.5 – 7
Fossil Coral 6.5 – 7
Ruby-Zoisite 6.5 – 7
Star Garnet 6.5 – 7.5
Zircon 6.5 – 7.5
Axinite 6.5 – 7
Melanite 6.5 – 7
Spodumene 6.5 – 7
Chalcedony 6.5 – 7
Tanzanite 6.5 – 7
Chrysoprase 6.5 – 7
Rainbow Pyrite 6 – 6.5
Maw-Sit-Sit 6 – 7
Jadeite 6 – 6.5
Star Moonstone 6 – 6.5
Clinohumite 6
Amazonite 6 – 6.5
Cassiterite 6 – 7
Labradorite 6 – 6.5
Moonstone 6 – 6.5
Sugilite 6 – 6.5
Kyanite 6 – 7
Orthoclase 6 – 6.5
Nephrite Jade 6 – 6.5
Prehnite 6 – 6.5
Sunstone 6 – 6.5
Andesine Labradorite 6 – 6.5
Rainbow Moonstone 6 – 6.5
Star Sunstone 6 – 6.5
Rhodonite 5.5 – 6.5
Boulder Opal 5.5 – 6.5
Hematite 5.5 – 6.5
Moss Opal 5.5 – 6.5
Fire Opal 5.5 – 6.5
Cat’s Eye Scapolite 5.5 – 6
Moldavite 5.5
Scapolite 5.5 – 6
Sodalite 5.5 – 6
Opal Doublet 5.5 – 6.5
Hackmanite 5.5 – 6
Nuumite 5.5 – 6
Opal/Kalimaya 5.5 – 6.5
Tashmarine Diopside 5 – 6
Tremolite-Hexagonite 5 – 6
Smithsonite 5
Obsidian 5 – 5.5
Lapis Lazuli 5 – 6
Hemimorphite 5
Turquoise/Pirus 5 – 6
Chrome Diopside 5 – 6
Sphene 5 – 5.5
Star Diopside 5 – 6
Cat’s Eye Apatite 5
Snowflake Obsidian 5 – 5.5
Apatite 5
Larimar 4.5 – 5
Gaspeite 4.5 – 5
Charoite 4.5 – 5
Fluorite 4
Ammolite 4
Rhodochrosite 4
Variscite 4 – 5
Malachite 3.5 – 4
Sphalerite 3.5 – 4
Azurite 3.5 – 4
Verdite 3
Calcite 3
Coral 3 – 4
Pearl 2.5 – 4.5
Lepidolite 2.5 – 3
Chrysocolla 2 – 4
Seraphinite 2 – 4
Amber 2 – 2.5

Sumber: Wikipedia, etc.

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